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Air Transport in India

by Vinodh Reddy

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  • The air transport in India started in 1911 when the India’s first Aeroplane post services was started between Allahabad and Naini.
  • All the airway companies were nationalised in 1953 and were put under two corporations namely – Indian Airlines and Air India.
  • The Indian Airlines Corporation having headquarters in New Delhi was established to conduct the air service within the country. Besides, it also provides services to the neighbouring countries like Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, Myanmar and Maldives whereas Air India provides its services to the foreign locations.
  • In 1981, a corporation named ‘Vayudoot‘ was established for the domestic flights which provides the services to inaccessible regions or to those regions where the services of Indian Airlines could not reach. After some time, it has been merged with the Indian Airlines.
  • Now, Indian Airlines and Air India have been merged and a new company National Aviation Company of India Ltd (NAICL) has been incorporated with its headquarters at Mumbai. At present, the length of the airspace is about 69 crore km.
Indian Airway Map

Image source: mapsofindia.com

Some Important International Air Ports of India

S.No

Airport

Location

1

Indira Gandhi International Airport

Delhi

2

Chattrapati Shivaji International Airport (Santacruz Airport)

Mumbai

3

Netaji Subash Chandra Bose International Airport

Kolkata

4

Anna International Airport

Chennai

5

Rajiv Gandhi International Airport

Hyderabad

6

Lokpriya Gopinath bardoloi International Airport

Guwahati

7

Dabolim International Airport

Goa

8

Needumbaserry International Airport

Coachin

9

Raja Sansi International Airport

Amritsar

10

Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel International Airport

Ahmedabad

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