Coastal Plains of India

by team


  • To the east and west of the peninsular plateau, two narrow strips of plain lands are found , which are respectively called Eastern Coastal Plain and Western Coastal Plain.
  • Eastern Coastal and Western Coastal Plain are formed by the erosional and depositional & activities of the Sea waves and from the sediments brought by the peninsular rivers.
Coastal plain Indian map

Western Coastal plain

  • Westeren coastal plain is 10 to 15 km wide and is narrower than eastern coastal plain.
  • Western coast is divided into 4 parts:
    1. Kathiawar coast (Gujarat coast)
    2. Konkan coast (Maharstra coast)
    3. Canara coast(Karnataka coast)
    4. Malabar coast (Kerala coast)
  • The Gujarat coastal plains are built up by alluvium brought by Sabarmati, Mahi, Narmada and Tapti rivers, all of which form large estuaries.
  • Malabar coast contains lakes, lagoons and backwaters locally called Kayals.
  • Vembaned Lake (Kerala) is largest of such back water lakes.

Eastern Coastal plain

  • Eastern coastal plain is 50 to 60 km wide and is broader than western coastal plain
  • The eastern coast is mainly emergent type i.e. its outline is regular and is characterized by offshore bars, sea beaches, sand ridges and lagoons.
  • Tamil Nadu coast is called Coromandel coast while Odisha and West Bengal coast is called Northern Circar coast.
  • Most of the east flowing rivers follow zig-zag path and are more border as compared to west flowing rivers. So, these east flowing rivers from delta where as west flowing rivers (like Narmada and Tapti) from estuary.
  • For example: Sunderbans delta of Ganga-Bhramaputra in West Bengal, Mahanadi delta, Godavari delta etc.
  • Region of Mahanadi delta is called Utkal Plain.

Difference between Western and Eastern Coastal plain.


Western Coastal plain

Eastern Coastal plain


Dissected outline

Smooth outline


Occurrence of estuaries

Occurence of deltas


More rainfall

Less rainfall





Small rivers

Long rivers