United Nations (UN) programs and funds are financed through voluntary contributions rather than assessed contributions.
They include the following programs:
- United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF)
- United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
- United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA)
- United nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and
- United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP)
United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF):
- UNICEF became a permanent part of the United Nations system in 1953, when its name was shortened to the United Nations Children’s Fund. However, UNICEF retained its original acronym. It is headquartered in New York (USA). Its headquarters are in New York (USA).
- UNICEF aims to provide better quality of life to children and mothers in developing countries through improved health services, nutrition, sanitation, water availability and education.
- UNICEF brings annual report titled The State of the World’s Children Report.
- UNICEF received the Noble Prize in 1965 “for promotion of brotherhood among nations”.
- UNICEF was established on 11th December 1946 by the United Nations to meet the emergency needs of children in post-war Europe and China.
- In 1950, its mandate was broadened to address the long-term needs of children and women in developing countries everywhere.
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP):
- UNDP was established in 1965 and its headquarters is in New York (USA).
- UNDP is the largest agency in the world for technical and pre-investment cooperation at the multilateral level.
- UNDP brings out the the Human development report every calendar year.
- UNDP helps developing countries in exploiting their human and natural resources by proving expert assistance and training local personnel.
United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA):
- UNFPA was established in 1972 and its headquarters are in New York (USA).
- UNFPA aim is to build up capacity to respond to the needs of population and family planning and to deal with population problems, especially in developing countries.
- “The State of the world’s population report” is published by UNFPA annually.
United nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD):
- UNCTAD is established in 1964 and its headquarter in Geneva (Switzerland).
- UNCTAD promotes the development-friendly integration of developing countries into the world economy.
- UNCTAD has progressively evolved into an authoritative knowledge-based institution whose work aims to help shape current policy debates and thinking on development, with a particular focus on ensuring that domestic policies and international action are mutually supportive in bringing about sustainable development.
- The organization works to fulfill this mandate by carrying out three key functions:
- UNCTAD functions as forum for intergovernmental deliberations, supported by discussions with experts and exchanges of experience, aimed at consensus building.
- UNCTAD undertakes research, policy analysis and data collection for the debates of government representatives and experts.
- UNCTAD provides technical assistance tailored to the specific requirement of developing counties, with special attention to the needs of the least developed counties and of economies in transition. when appropriate, UNCTAD cooperates with other organizations and donor countries in the delivery of technical assistance.
- The present Secretary-General of UNCTAD is Mukhisa Kituyi (Kenya), who took office on 1st September 2013.
- The World Investment Report has been published annually since 1991 by UNCTAD. Each year’s Report covers the latest trends in foreign direct investment around the World and analyses in depth one selected topic related to foreign direct investment and development.
United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP):
- UNEP was established in 1972 and its headquarters are in New York(USA).
- UNEP aims to protect and conserve natural environment.
- The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and UNEP established the intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in 1988.
- present head of UNEP is Achim Steiner (Brazil).