Indian Geographical Extremes – General facts

By | February 7, 2015
S.No
Feature
Description
1 Area 3.28 million sq.km, which is 2.4% of the world’s total area.
2 Length(N-S) 3214 kms
3 Width (E-W) 2933 kms
4 Latitudinal Extent (Mainland) 8°4’N and 37°6’N
5 Longitudinal Extent 68°7’E and 97°25’E
6 Southern-most Point of Indian Mainland 8°4’N, known as Kanya kumari or Cape Camorin
7 Southern-most Point of India  6°0.5’N, known as Indira point (or Pygmallion point) in Great Nicobar
8 Longest River (lengthwise) Ganga (2510 kms) (But volume wise Brahmaputra is the largest river of India.)
9 Largest Riverine Island Majuli Island ( 1500 sq. km) in river Brahmaputra in Assam. It is also world’s largest fresh water riverine island.
10 Largest oceanic Island Middle Andaman in Andaman & Nicobar Islands
11 Highest Dam Tehri Dam (265 m) on Bhagirathi river in Uttarakhand. It is world’s highest rock based dam.
12 Longest Dam Hirakud Dam (4.8 km) on Mahanadi river in Orissa 
13 Longest Bridge Mahatma Gandhi Setu on Ganga River near Patna. 
14 Longest Canal Indira Gandhi canal also known as Rajasthan canal.
15 Highest Waterfall Jog ( Gersoppa) 253 m height falls on river Saravati in Karnataka.
16 Longest Beach Marina beach in Chennai, stretches over 13 km.
17 Longest Coast line  Gujarat coast ( 1600 km). India’s total length of coast line is 7516.6 
18 Highest Peak  Mt. K-2 known as Godwin Austin or Qagir (8611 m). It is also worlds’ second highest peak after mount Everest.
19 Largest Desert Thar (Greatest Indian desert) in Rajasthan, Area (259,000 sq. km)
20 Coldest Place Drass in J&K (- 45°C)
21 Hottest Place Briyawali. in Bikaner district of Rajasthan (56°C)
22 Wettest Place Mawsynram in meghalaya (1200 cms/year) followed by Cherrapunji. Both this palaces are located at Khasi hills in Merghalaya.
23 Active Volcano Barren Island in Andaman and Nicobar Islands (last time erupted on 17th February 2013) 
24 Largest Delta Sunderbans in West Bengal. it is also world’s largest delta.
25 Largest Cave Amarnath Cave in Jammu & Kashmir
26 Largest Plateau Deccan plateau (1,00,000 sq. km)
27 Tropic of Cancer 23.5°N latitude, which passes through 8 states, Gujarat, Rajastha, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Tripura and Mizoram
28 Indian Standard Meridian  82.5° E longitude, which passes through Nani near Allahabad