Iron and Steel Industry in India

By | October 19, 2015
  • Iron and Steel Industry in India is a basic industry. The basic minerals needed for this industry are iron-ore, coking coals, manganese, lime stone, dolomite and chromium.
  • In India, there are 12 major Iron and Steel Plants industries and 169 small scale industries in India. The major industries in the field of Iron-ore are at Bhadravati, Bhilai and Salem; in the field of coal, Kulti-Burnpur, Durgapur and Bokaroa; the industries of Jamshedpur and Rourkela are situated in the middle region of both the resources.
  • The only region based in sea-port is located at Vishakapatnam. Since, Iron-ore and Manganese were expected from this sea-port, both the raw materials were automatically available. The Iron and steel industry developed here by importing coal from Australia since there was deficiency of coking coal in internal parts of India.


Some of the major Iron and Steel Plants of India are

  1. Tata Iron and Steel Company (TISCO)
  2. Indian Iron and Steel Company (IISCO)
  3. The Visvesvaraya Iron and Steel Limited
  4. Bhilai Iron and Steel Centre
  5. Hindustan Steel Limited at Rourkela, Durgapur
  6. Bokaro Steel Limited
  7. Salem Steel Plant
  8. Vijayanagar Steel Plant
  9. Vishakhapatnam Steel Plant (VSP)
  10. Daitari Steel Plant
  11. Dolvi Steel Plant
  12. South Korean Pohang Steel company (POSCO)