- Hydroelectricity energy is a renewable source of energy and it is economical, non-polluting and environmental benign.
- India is blessed with huge water resources and there are vast possibility of producing hydro-electricity but currently it accounts 23% of the total installed capacity. So still we are very much dependent on Thermal Electricity. First hydro-electricity power plant was set up at Shiva-Samudram (Karnataka) in 1902.
- In India, After the establishment of National Hydro-electric Power Corporation (NHPC) in 1975, hydro power is gradually playing a better role in Indian Economy.
Important Dams and Hydroelectric Projects of India
|1||Jhelum||Tubul Project (J & K)|
|2||Chenab||Baglihar, Salal, Dulhasti (J & K), Ranvir Sagar|
|3||Ravi||Ranjith Sagar (Thein Dam)|
|4||Sutlej||Bhakra-Nangal (Govind Sagar Dam),|
|5||Ganga||Theri dam (Uttarkhand) at river Bhagiratha and Farakka dam (West Bengal)|
|6||Beas||Pong reservoir (Himachal Pradesh)|
|7||Ganga||Tehri dam (Uttarkhand) at river Bhagirathi and Farakka dam (West Bengal)|
|8||Sharada (Kali river)||Pancheswar dam|
|9||Chambal||Gandhi Sagar (M.P), Jawahar Sagar (Rajasthan), Rana Pratap Sagar (Rajasthan), Kota Barrage.|
|10||Rihand (tributary of Son)||Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar (Rihand dam)|
|11||Narmada||Sardar Sarovar (Gujarat, Rajasthan, M.P and Maharastra), Indira Sagar, Maheshwar, Omkereshwar (M.P).|
|12||Tapi||Kakarpara dam (Gujarat) and Ukai dam (Gujarat)|
|13||Godavari||Pochampad project (Andhra Pradesh), Jaykawadi project (Maharastra), Lower Sileru project (Andhra Pradesh)|
|14||Krishna||Nagarjuna Sagar Multipurpose project (Andhra Pradesh), Srisailam dam.|
|15||Kaveri||Krishnaraj Sagar dam, Shiva Samudram dam (Karnataka), Mettur dam (Tamil Nadu).|
|16||Mahanadi||Hirakud (odisha), Tirakpara and Beroj dam.|
|18||Son||Manasagar Project (Chattisgarh, M.P., U.P and Jharkand)|
|19||Mahi||Kadana Dam (Gujarat), Banbori Dam|
|20||Koyna||Koyna Project (Maharashtra)|
|21||Kundoh||Kundoh Project (Tamil Nadu)|
|22||Malaprabha||Malaprabha Project (Karnataka)|
|23||Ghataprabha||Ghataprabha Project (Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka).|
|26||Machkund (Sileru)||Machkund (Andhra Pradesh)|
|27||Kalinadi||Kalinadi Project (Karnataka)|
|29||Bhima River||Bhima Project (Maharstra)|
- In India, thermal power accounts for over 67% of the total over generation. It is being generated by using fossil fuels like coal, petroleum and natural gas.
- After the establishment of National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) in 1975, this energy has recorded the much faster rate of growth.
Important Thermal Power Projects of India
|1||Bakreshwar Project||West Bengal|
|3||Parichha Project||Uttar Pradesh|
|4||Obra Power Station||Uttar Pradesh|
|5||Dhuvaran Power Station||Gujarat|
|6||Satpura Power Station||Madhya Pradesh|
|8||Talchar Power Station||Odisha|
|10||Suratgarh Super Thermal Project||Rajasthan|
- The Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) was established in 1948 by the efforts of Dr. Homi Jahangir Bhabha, the father of Atomic Energy Research in India.
- India’s First Atomic Research Ractor ‘Apsara’ started working in Trombay (near Mumbai) but India’s first Nuclear Power Reactor was established at Tarapur in 1969.
- Production of nuclear energy requies uranium, thorium and heavy water. In Inida, Uranium is found in Jharkhand, Rajasthan and Meghalaya. Meghalaya has almost 16% of country’s total Uranium deposits. There are large reserves of thorium in the monazite sand of Kerla.
- At present, India’s nuclear power capacity is 4700 MW. With this, India holds sixth position in the category of Nuclear Power Stations. USA has largest number of nuclear reactor (103) in the world while France (78.1%) hold first position in total electricity supply produced by atomic energy.
India’s important Nuclear Power Projects
|2||Kudankulam (with the help of Russia)||Tamil Nadu|
|6||Jaitapur (With the help of France)||Maharastra|
|7||Rewatbhata (with the help of Canada)||Rajasthan|