Power Projects in India – Hydroelectricity Energy, Thermal Energy and Nuclear Energy

By | August 16, 2015

Hydroelectricity Energy

  • Hydroelectricity energy is a renewable source of energy and it is economical, non-polluting and environmental benign.
  • India is blessed with huge water resources and there are vast possibility of producing hydro-electricity but currently it accounts 23% of the total installed capacity. So still we are very much dependent on Thermal Electricity. First hydro-electricity power plant was set up at Shiva-Samudram (Karnataka) in 1902.
  • In India, After the establishment of National Hydro-electric Power Corporation (NHPC) in 1975, hydro power is gradually playing a better role in Indian Economy.

Important Dams and Hydroelectric Projects of India

Dam/Hydroelectricity projects
1 Jhelum Tubul Project (J & K)
2 Chenab Baglihar, Salal, Dulhasti (J & K), Ranvir Sagar
3 Ravi Ranjith Sagar (Thein Dam)
4 Sutlej Bhakra-Nangal (Govind Sagar Dam), 
5 Ganga Theri dam (Uttarkhand) at river Bhagiratha and Farakka dam (West Bengal)
6 Beas Pong reservoir (Himachal Pradesh)
7 Ganga Tehri dam (Uttarkhand) at river Bhagirathi and Farakka dam (West Bengal)
8 Sharada (Kali river) Pancheswar dam
9 Chambal Gandhi Sagar (M.P), Jawahar Sagar (Rajasthan), Rana Pratap Sagar (Rajasthan), Kota Barrage.
10 Rihand (tributary of Son) Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar (Rihand dam)
11 Narmada Sardar Sarovar (Gujarat, Rajasthan, M.P and Maharastra), Indira Sagar, Maheshwar, Omkereshwar (M.P).
12 Tapi Kakarpara dam (Gujarat) and Ukai dam (Gujarat)
13 Godavari Pochampad project (Andhra Pradesh), Jaykawadi project (Maharastra), Lower Sileru project (Andhra Pradesh)
14 Krishna Nagarjuna Sagar Multipurpose project (Andhra Pradesh), Srisailam dam.
15 Kaveri Krishnaraj Sagar dam, Shiva Samudram dam (Karnataka), Mettur dam (Tamil Nadu).
16 Mahanadi Hirakud (odisha), Tirakpara and Beroj dam.
17 Betwa Matateela Dam.
18 Son Manasagar Project (Chattisgarh, M.P., U.P and Jharkand)
19 Mahi Kadana Dam (Gujarat), Banbori Dam
20 Koyna Koyna Project (Maharashtra)
21 Kundoh Kundoh Project (Tamil Nadu)
22 Malaprabha Malaprabha Project (Karnataka)
23 Ghataprabha Ghataprabha Project (Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka).
24 Panam Panam (Gujarat)
25 Vaiterna Vaiterna (Maharstra)
26 Machkund (Sileru) Machkund (Andhra Pradesh)
27 Kalinadi Kalinadi Project (Karnataka)
28 Mayurakshi Mayurakshi
29 Bhima River Bhima Project (Maharstra)

Thermal Energy

  • In India, thermal power accounts for over 67% of the total over generation. It is being generated by using fossil fuels like coal, petroleum and natural gas.
  • After the establishment of National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) in 1975, this energy has recorded the much faster rate of growth.

Important Thermal Power Projects of India

1 Bakreshwar Project West Bengal
2 Giral Project Rajasthan
3 Parichha Project Uttar Pradesh
4 Obra Power Station Uttar Pradesh 
5 Dhuvaran Power Station Gujarat
6 Satpura Power Station Madhya Pradesh
7 Kobra Project Chhattisgarh
8 Talchar Power Station Odisha
9 Kothagudam Andhra Pradesh
10 Suratgarh Super Thermal Project Rajasthan

Nuclear energy

  • The Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) was established in 1948 by the efforts of Dr. Homi Jahangir Bhabha, the father of Atomic Energy Research in India.
  • India’s First Atomic Research Ractor ‘Apsara’ started working in Trombay (near Mumbai) but India’s first Nuclear Power Reactor was established at Tarapur in 1969.
  • Production of nuclear energy requies uranium, thorium and heavy water. In Inida, Uranium is found in Jharkhand, Rajasthan and Meghalaya. Meghalaya has almost 16% of country’s total Uranium deposits. There are large reserves of thorium in the monazite sand of Kerla.
  • At present, India’s nuclear power capacity is 4700 MW. With this, India holds sixth position in the category of Nuclear Power Stations. USA has largest number of nuclear reactor (103) in the world while France (78.1%) hold first position in total electricity supply produced by atomic energy.

India’s important Nuclear Power Projects

1 Tarapur Maharastra
2 Kudankulam (with the help of Russia) Tamil Nadu
3 Kalpakkam Tamil Nadu
4 Kaiga Karnataka 
5 Kakrapara Gujarat
6 Jaitapur (With the help of France) Maharastra
7 Rewatbhata (with the help of Canada) Rajasthan