Indian Railway is fully independent in the matter of building all its equipment. The industry is based on railway equipment was established as Peninsular Locomotive company at Singhbhum district of Jharkhand in 1921. Later, it was named as “Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company’ (TELCO).
Some of the railway production units in India are:
- Chittaranjan Locomotive Works (CLW), Chittaranjan: Steam locomotives & electric locomotives.
- Diesel Locomotive Works (DLW), Varanasi: Diesel locomotives.
- Wheel Axle Plant (WAP), Bangalore: Wheel Axle Plant.
- Diesel Loco Modernisation Works (DMW), Patiala: Diesel components & parts.
- Rail Coach Factory (RCF), Kapurthala, Punjab: Rail coaches.
- Integral Coach Factory (ICF), Chennai: Coaching stock.
- Bharat Earth Movers Ltd., Bangalore: Rail coaches for Delhi Metro Rail corporation.
- Durgapur & Yelahanka: Wheel Axle Plant.
- Tatanagar: Meter gauge steam locomotives.
- Bhilai: Rail and sleeper cars.
- Perambur: Rail coaches.
Note: About 60% of total Rail units in India are produced in West Bengal state.
Some of the Railway Institutes and Services of Indian Railways are:
- The Indian Railways Institute of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering (IRIMEE)
- The Indian Railway Institute of Electrical Engineering, Nashik (IRIEEN)
- Indian Railway Institute of Civil Engineering (IRICEN)
- The Indian Railway Service of Electrical Engineers
- The Indian Railway Service of Mechanical Engineers (IRSME)