Indian Railway is fully independent in the matter of building all its equipment. The industry is based on railway equipment was established as a Peninsular Locomotive company at Singhbhum district of Jharkhand in 1921. Later, it was named as “Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company’ (TELCO).
Some of the railway production units in India are:
- Chittaranjan Locomotive Works (CLW), Chittaranjan: Steam locomotives & electric locomotives.
- Diesel Locomotive Works (DLW), Varanasi: Diesel locomotives.
- Wheel Axle Plant (WAP), Bangalore: Wheel Axle Plant.
- Diesel Loco Modernisation Works (DMW), Patiala: Diesel components & parts.
- Rail Coach Factory (RCF), Kapurthala, Punjab: Rail coaches.
- Integral Coach Factory (ICF), Chennai: Coaching stock.
- Bharat Earth Movers Ltd., Bangalore: Rail coaches for Delhi Metro Rail Corporation.
- Durgapur & Yelahanka: Wheel Axle Plant.
- Tatanagar: Meter gauge steam locomotives.
- Bhilai: Rail and sleeper cars.
- Perambur: Rail coaches.
Some of the Railway Institutes and Services of Indian Railways are:
- The Indian Railways Institute of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering (IRIMEE)
- The Indian Railway Institute of Electrical Engineering, Nashik (IRIEEN)
- Indian Railway Institute of Civil Engineering (IRICEN)
- The Indian Railway Service of Electrical Engineers
- The Indian Railway Service of Mechanical Engineers (IRSME).