1. Green Revolution
- During 1960s, wheat and rice production increased drastically and due to this, American Scientist Dr. William Guade termed it as Green Revolution. A number of new hybrid seeds were imported from Mexico.
- The main aims of the green revolution were decreasing the uncertainties in agriculture, increasing the production and productivity of agriculture and encouraging the rural development. This movement has been successful in large extent achieving its aims.
- In India, credit goes to Dr. M.S. Swaminathan. He is known as Father of Green Revolution. American Professor Norman Borolough also played an important role in improving agricultural productivity through green revolution.
Call of Evergreen Revolution
- The pioneer of Indian green revolution Mr. M.S. Swaminathan, presently chairman of National Commission on farmers gave a new call for Evergreen Revolution for doubling the present production level of food grains.
- For making evergreen revolution a success, Swaminathan stressed on adopting beast scientific techniques and promoting organic farming. He also mentioned four pre-requisites for getting the success.
- Promoting soil health.
- Promoting Lab to land exhibitions.
- Making rainwater harvesting compulsory.
- Providing credit to farmers on suitable conditions.
2. Operation Flood
- White revolution is associated with a sharp increase in Milk Production. During 1964-1965, Intensive Cattle Development Programme (ICDP) was introduced in India in which a package of improved animal husbandry was given to cattle owners for promoting white revolution in the country.
- Later on, to accelerate the pace of white revolution, a new programme named ‘Operating Flood’ was introduced in the country.
- Operation flood programme, which is the world’s largest integrated dairy development programme was started in 1970 by National Dairy Development Board (NDDB). Dr. Varghese Kurien is the pioneer of Operation Flood in India.
- India stands first in the world in milk production and USA stands second in the world.
3. Blue Revolution
- The term ‘Blue Revolution’ is used to describe adoption of a package of methods by which fish production has been increased sustainability in India since independence.
4. Black Revolution
- The basic aim of Black Revolution is to increase the amount of Crude Oil (Petroleum) production.
- With this plan, the Government of India plans to accelerate the production of ethanol and to mix it up with petrol (upto 10%) and produce bio-diesel.
|1||Green Revolution||Food grains|
|3||Yellow Revolution||Oil seeds|
|5||Golden Revolution||Fruits (Apple)|
|8||Brown Revolution||Non-convectional energy|
|10||Food chain Revolution||Saving food, vegetables & fruits from decaying|