Comparison Between the Supreme Court and the High Court Judges

By | September 2, 2015
Differences between the roles of High Court judges and Supreme Court of India judges are listed below in tabular form.

S.No
Supreme Court
High Court
1 The Supreme court of India is a federal court. It is located only in Delhi. Its bench can be established in other places also, but so far it has not been established. For a High Court in each state and each Union Territories (UT) but two or more states or two or more Union Territories or states and union territories, together, may establish a common High Court.
2 Supreme Court Judges are appointed by the President of India The Judges of the High Court are also appointed by the Indian President.
3 A person to be eligible as judge of the Supreme Court shall have the following qualifications.

  • He/She has been a judge of a High Court for not less than five years in succession; or
  • He/She has been advocate of a high court for not less than 10 years, or
  • He/She is distinguished jurist in the opinion of the President.
A person shall not be eligible to become a judge of a High Court unless such a person

  • Has been a judicial officer for not less than 10 years within the territory of India; or
  • Has been advocate for not less than 10 years in a High Court in India.
4 The judges of the Supreme Court retires from their office after attaining age of 65 years. The judges of the High Court retires from their office after attaining the age of 62 years.
5 The president can remove the Chief Justice and other Judges on the basis of impeachment motion passed in the Parliament. The judges and and the chief justice of the High Courts are removed from the office by the President in the same manner as adopted in the case of the supreme court.
6 The judges of the Supreme Court after their retirement and during their term of office are not eligible to plead before any court/authority within the territory of India. The judges of the high Courts cannot plead before any court during the term of their office. After retirement they cannot plead before any court below High Court. That means they can plead only in the supreme court.
7 The judges of the Supreme Court cannot be transferred nor they can be demoted in their office The judges of High Courts can be transferred from one court to the Other High Court and may be promoted as the judges of the Supreme Court.
8 The Supreme Court is not bound to abide by the decisions of the High Court. The High Courts are bound to abide by the decisions of the Supreme Court.
9 The salary and the allowances of the judges of the Supreme Court are charged upon the Consolidated Fund of India. The salary and other allowances of the judges of the High Courts are charged upon the Consolidated fund of the States
10 The cases involving the interpretation of the Constitution are handled only by the Supreme Court. The cases involving the interpretation of the Constitution are not handled by the High Court.