- Fundamental duties in Indian constitution are based on Japanese model. Ten duties in the the Indian Constitution were included in the Indian Constitution by 42nd amendment act, 1976 on the basis of Swarn Singh Committee. Eleventh duty was added by 86th Amendment act, 2002.
- Fundamental rights and fundamental duties are co-relative. 11 Fundamental Duties of the citizens towards the State have been enumerated in Article 51-A in part-IV A of our Constitution.
- There is no provision in the Indian constitution for direct enforcement of any of these duties nor any sanction to prevent their violation.
- supreme Court pointed out the foundation of the “composite culture’ expressed in clause (f) of article 51-A in the Sanskrit language and literature.
Fundamental Rights (Articles 14-18, 19-22, 23-24, 25-28, 29-30, 32)
Emergency Provisions: Article 352, 356, 360
Welfare Programmes for Indian Women Development
Women Rights in India: Constitutional Rights and Legal Rights
Functions and Powers of the President of India
Landmarks in the Development of the Indian Constitution
Special Status to Jammu and Kashmir (Article 370)
Lok Adalats in India
Understanding the Marketing Mix Concept – 4 P’s of Marketing
Liner and Tramp Shipping
Solar System: the Sun and Eight Planets
About Human Digestive System
Air Transport in India
Primary Air Pollutants: Their Sources and Effects on Human Health
Languages in India
The Minorities in India