- The Preamble to the Constitution of India sets out the main objective which the Constituent assembly intended to achieve.
- The preamble which is based on the “Objectives Resolution” was drafted and moved by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru and adopted by the Constituent Assembly. It has been amended by 42nd Constituent amendment Act, 1976 by which three new words – Socialist, Secular, and Integrity were adopted.
- The Supreme Court in the Kesavananda Bharati Vs. State of Kerla (1973) Case overruled its earlier decision of 1960 and made it clear that the Preamble is apart of The Constitution and is subjected to the amending power of the Parliament, provided the basic structure of the Indian Constitution as found in the preamble is not destroyed. However, it is not an essential part of the Indian Constitution.
- The preamble is non-justiciable in nature like Directive Principles of State Policy and can not be enforced in a court of law.
- An eminent jurist N.A. Palkhivala termed the Preamble as the ‘identity card of the Constitution“.
- India was a dependency of the British empire till the passage of the Indian Independence Act, 1947. From August 15, 1947, to January 26, 1950, Indian was having the political status of a domination in the British Commonwealth of Nations. India was declared the Sovereign Republic on January 26, 1950. However, Pakistan remained as British dominant till 1956.
- The idea of social, economic and political justice has been taken from the Russian Revolution of 1917.
- The Idea of liberty, equality and fraternity mentioned in the Preamble of our Constitution has been taken from the French Revolution (1789-1799).
The Preamble States that the objectives to be secured to every citizen of India. Objectives to be secured are shown in the image below.