- Articles 315 to 323 Part XIV of the constitution, titled ‘Services Under the Union and the r a Public Service Commission for the union and States’ provide for a Public Service Commission for the union and for each state.
- The Chairman and other members of the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) are appointed by the President of India and they hold office for a period of six years from the date of appointment, or until the age of 65 years, whichever is earlier. They are independent of the Execution and Legislature in the same manner as the judges of the Supreme Court.
- UPSC web address www.upsc.gov.in
Functions of the UPSC
- All matters of recruitment of higher civil services, i.e., group ‘A’ and ‘B’ civil posts under Central government, having the minimum pay scale 15,600 are managed by the UPSC.
- Advise the President in matters relating to appointments, promotions and transfers from one service to another of the civil servants.
- All disciplinary matters affecting a person in the service of the Union are handled by the UPSC.
- All matters regarding award of pension and awards in respect of injuries sustained during service under the Government are within the purview of the UPSC.
- Matters of grant of extension of service, re-employment and matters of temporary appointment (exceeding one year) on regularization of appointment.
The main function of the UPSC is to maintain continuity of the administration, to keep the services free from potent influences and safeguard their rights.