Tag Archives: Constitution

Fundamental Duties in the Indian Constitution

Fundamental duties in Indian constitution are based on Japanese model. Ten duties in the the Indian Constitution were included in the Indian Constitution by 42nd amendment act, 1976 on the basis of Swarn Singh Committee. Eleventh duty was added by 86th Amendment act, 2002. Fundamental rights and fundamental duties are co-relative. 11 Fundamental Duties of the citizens towards… Read More »

Fundamental Rights (Articles 14-18, 19-22, 23-24, 25-28, 29-30, 32)

Part-III of the Indian constitution from article 12 to 32, contains fundamental rights. Part-III of the Indian constitution is called corner stone of the constitution and together with part-4 (directive principles and state policy) constitutes the conscience of the Constitution. This chapter of the Constitution has been described as the Magna Carta of India. Fundamental Rights are individual… Read More »

Emergency Provisions: Article 352, 356, 360

As per the articles 352, 356 and 360 in the Constitution of India, President of India have been given extraordinary power to declare an emergency to meet any threat to the country. Those powers to President of India in Constitution are called emergency provisions. National Emergency (Article 352): If the president of the state is not satisfied with a grave emergency… Read More »

Salient and Unitary Features of Indian Constitution

12 Features of the Indian Constitution Three-tier Government in India Central Government State Government Panchayati Raj Government Lengthiest Written Constitution Constitution consisted of a Preamble, 395 articles (which were divided into 22 parts) and 8 Schedules. Federal System with Unitary Bias Essential characteristics of a federation are: Minimum two tiers of governments (India has 3 tiers of government).… Read More »

The Preamble to the Constitution of India

The Preamble to the Constitution of India sets out the main objective which the Constituent assembly intended to achieve. The preamble which is based on the “Objectives Resolution” was drafted and moved by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru and adopted by the Constituent Assembly. It has been amended by 42nd Constituent amendment Act, 1976 by which three new words –… Read More »