Tag Archives: Indian Polity

Fundamental Duties in the Indian Constitution

Fundamental duties in Indian constitution are based on Japanese model. Ten duties in the the Indian Constitution were included in the Indian Constitution by 42nd amendment act, 1976 on the basis of Swarn Singh Committee. Eleventh duty was added by 86th Amendment act, 2002. Fundamental rights and fundamental duties are co-relative. 11 Fundamental Duties of the citizens towards… Read More »

Fundamental Rights (Articles 14-18, 19-22, 23-24, 25-28, 29-30, 32)

Part-III of the Indian constitution from article 12 to 32, contains fundamental rights. Part-III of the Indian constitution is called corner stone of the constitution and together with part-4 (directive principles and state policy) constitutes the conscience of the Constitution. This chapter of the Constitution has been described as the Magna Carta of India. Fundamental Rights are individual… Read More »

Emergency Provisions: Article 352, 356, 360

As per the articles 352, 356 and 360 in the Constitution of India, President of India have been given extraordinary power to declare an emergency to meet any threat to the country. Those powers to President of India in Constitution are called emergency provisions. National Emergency (Article 352): If the president of the state is not satisfied with a grave emergency… Read More »

Lok Adalats in India

Lok Adalats is a system of alternative dispute resolution developed in India. Lok Adalat means ‘People’s court’. India has had a long history of resolving disputes through the mediation of village heads. Under the Legal Services Authorities Act of 1987, Lok Adalats have been given a statuary status. The aims of Lok Adalats are secure justice to the… Read More »

Attorney General of India (AGI)

Article 76 of the Indian Constitution states that the President of India shall appoint a person who is qualified to be appointed as a judge of the Supreme Court to be the Attorney General of India (AGI). He is the first legal officer of the Government of India. The term office of Attorney General of India (AGI) is not… Read More »