Gagne’s Nine Levels of Learning

By | May 25, 2019

Gagne’s Nine Levels of Learning is also known as Gagne’s Nine Conditions of Learning. Gagne’s Nine events of instruction or Gagne’s taxonomy of learning. Gagne’s nine-step process that detailed each element required for effective learning. The model is useful for all types of learnings, you can see these nine steps in the figure below.

Robert Gagne, in his book The Conditions of Learning, identified the following mental conditions essential for effective learning:

Gagne's nine levels of Learning

Figure: Gagne’s nine levels of Learning

1. Gaining Attention (Reception):

Gain the attention of students. Voice modulations, gestures, short introductory video, handouts, etc. can be used for this purpose.

2. Informing learners of objective (Expectancy):

Inform them about the intentions of what they are about to learn so that their interest will be developed.

3. Stimulating recall of Prior Learning (Retrieval):

Relate the new information with their prior knowledge.

4. Presenting the Stimulus (Selective perception):

Present further information in a practical and easy to understand manner using different methods and aids depending on the needs and level of students.

5. Providing Learning Guidance (Semantic encoding):

Help student to learn and retain new information by use of examples, case studies, storytelling, etc.

6. Eliciting Performance (Responding):

At this stage, students can demonstrate what they have learned through question-answer rounds, role-playing, etc.

7. Providing Feedback (Reinforcement):

Provide feedback to students based on their response and reinforce essential points for their clearing doubts and helping in retaining new information.

8. Assessing Performance (Retrieval):

Assess their performance through some tests.

9. Enhancing Retention and Transfer (Generalization):

Students should apply what they have learned to new situations and conditions; then with practice, they will be able to generalize it.

This model gives trainers and educators a checklist to use before they engage in teaching or training activities. Each step highlights a form of communication that aids the learning process. When each step is completed in turn, learners are much more likely to be engaged and to retain the information or skills that they are being taught.

If education or trainer use this approach before any training session or presentation, they will remember how to structure their session so that their audience get the best possible learning experience.