Category Archives: Geography

Indian geography and world geography articles for competitive examination

Railway Engineering Industries and Institutes in India

By | April 16, 2018

Indian Railway is fully independent in the matter of building all its equipment. The industry is based on railway equipment was established as a Peninsular Locomotive company at Singhbhum district of Jharkhand in 1921. Later, it was named as “Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company’ (TELCO). Some of the railway production units in India are: Chittaranjan Locomotive Works (CLW),… Read More »

Rail Transport in India

By | April 16, 2018

The first passenger train in India was started by Lord Dalhousie, Governor General of India on April 16, 1853, between Bori Bunder, Bombay, and Thane covering a distance of 34 km. Indian Railway was nationalized in 1951 and presently, it is the largest Railway Network in Asia and the second largest railway network in the World. There are… Read More »

Air Transport in India

By | January 23, 2017

The air transport in India started in 1911 when India’s first Aeroplane post services were started between Allahabad and Naini. All the airway companies were nationalized in 1953 and were put under two corporations namely – Indian Airlines and Air India. The Indian Airlines Corporation having headquarters in New Delhi was established to conduct the air service within… Read More »

Shipping Industry in India

By | July 16, 2016

The first ship building factory in India was established at Visakhapatnam in 1941. It was later, adopted by the Indian Government in 1952 and named as ‘Hindustan Shipyard Limited’. The major ship building centers in India are located at Kolkata, Goa, Mumbai and Kochi. The Kochi, Dockyard was developed by collaboration with Japan. The Kochi Dockyard is the… Read More »

Woollen Textile Industry in India

By | June 14, 2016

The first woolen textile industry (mill) was set up in 1876 at Kanpur, because Kanpur was the principle depot for the British Indian Army. The woolen textiles industry in India is partly a cottage industry and partly a factory industry. The organized sector has three sub-sectors: Woolen (superior yarn for fabrics and hosiery); Worsted (medium quality goods –… Read More »

Chemical Fertilizers Industry in India

By | March 30, 2016

Chemical Fertilizers Industry played a significant role in making Green Revolution a success in India. The different raw materials needed for Chemical fertilizers company are available in India. At present, India is the third largest producer and consumer of chemical fertilizers in the world. Mainly two kinds of fertilizers are produced in India: 1. nitrogen based 2. Phosphorous… Read More »

Sugar Industry in India

By | March 29, 2016

India is the second largest sugar producing country of the world after Brazil. In 1840, the first sugar industry was set up in Betia (Bihar). Sugar production is known in India since ancient times, but modern sugar industry in India developed in first decade of the twentieth century. Indian sugar industry is the second largest agro-based industry in India… Read More »

Coastal Plains of India

By | March 9, 2016

To the east and west of the peninsular plateau, two narrow strips of plain lands are found , which are respectively called Eastern Coastal Plain and Western Coastal Plain. Eastern Coastal and Western Coastal Plain are formed by the erosional and depositional & activities of the Sea waves and from the sediments brought by the peninsular rivers. Western… Read More »

Glossary of Geographical Terms

By | February 9, 2016

Anemometer: Anemometer is an instrument used for measuring velocity of the wind. Anticline: The arch or crest of a fold in the rocks, its opposite is a syncline, the bottom of the fold. Apogee: The position of the moon or any other heavenly body, when it is at its greatest distance from the earth. Asteroids or planetoids: Minor… Read More »