Category Archives: Geography

Indian geography and world geography articles for competitive examination

Solar System: the Sun and Eight Planets

The solar system comprises of the Sun and eight planets (Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune), which is believed to have been developed from the condensation of gases and other lesser bodies. The position of Sun is at the centre of solar system and all the eight planets revolve around the sun in elliptical orbit.… Read More »

Air Transport in India

The air transport in India started in 1911 when the India’s first Aeroplane post services were started between Allahabad and Naini. All the airway companies were nationalized in 1953 and were put under two corporations namely – Indian Airlines and Air India. The Indian Airlines Corporation having headquarters in New Delhi was established to conduct the air service… Read More »

Rail Transport in India

First passenger train in India was started by Lord Dalhousie, Governor General of India on April 16, 1853 between Bori Bunder, Bombay, and Thane covering a distance of 34 kms. Indian Railway was nationalised in 1951 and presently, it is the largest Railway Network in Asia and the second largest railway network in the World. There are three… Read More »

Shipping Industry in India

The first ship building factory in India was established at Visakhapatnam in 1941. It was later, adopted by the Indian Government in 1952 and named as ‘Hindustan Shipyard Limited‘. The major ship building centers in India are located at Kolkata, Goa, Mumbai and Kochi. The Kochi, Dockyard was developed by collaboration with Japan. The Kochi Dockyard is the… Read More »

Woollen Textile Industry in India

The first woolen textile industry (mill) was set up in 1876 at Kanpur, because Kanpur was the principle depot for the British Indian Army. The woolen textiles industry in India is partly a cottage industry and partly a factory industry. The organized sector has three sub-sectors: Woolen (superior yarn for fabrics and hosiery); Worsted (medium quality goods –… Read More »

Chemical Fertilizers Industry in India

Chemical Fertilizers Industry played a significant role in making Green Revolution a success in India. The different raw materials needed for Chemical fertilizers company are available in India. At present, India is the third largest producer and consumer of chemical fertilizers in the world. Mainly two kinds of fertilizers are produced in India: 1. nitrogen based 2. Phosphorous… Read More »

Sugar Industry in India

India is the second largest sugar producing country of the world after Brazil. In 1840, the first sugar industry was set up in Betia (Bihar). Sugar production is known in India since ancient times, but modern sugar industry in India developed in first decade of the twentieth century. Indian sugar industry is the second largest agro-based industry in India… Read More »

Coastal Plains of India

To the east and west of the peninsular plateau, two narrow strips of plain lands are found , which are respectively called Eastern Coastal Plain and Western Coastal Plain. Eastern Coastal and Western Coastal Plain are formed by the erosional and depositional & activities of the Sea waves and from the sediments brought by the peninsular rivers. Western… Read More »

Glossary of Geographical Terms

Anemometer: Anemometer is an instrument used for measuring velocity of the wind. Anticline: The arch or crest of a fold in the rocks, its opposite is a syncline, the bottom of the fold. Apogee: The position of the moon or any other heavenly body, when it is at its greatest distance from the earth. Asteroids or planetoids: Minor… Read More »

Rubber Industry in India

Natural rubber and synthetic rubber are the two important raw materials used in rubber industry sector. Most of the natural rubber comes mainly from Kerala state contributing to 85% of the total and the rest comes from Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. Now-a-days natural rubber is coming even from the non-traditional areas like Maharashtra, Orissa, North Eastern States and… Read More »