Category Archives: Polity

Indian polity articles for competitive examination

Fundamental Duties in the Indian Constitution

Fundamental duties in Indian constitution are based on Japanese model. Ten duties in the the Indian Constitution were included in the Indian Constitution by 42nd amendment act, 1976 on the basis of Swarn Singh Committee. Eleventh duty was added by 86th Amendment act, 2002. Fundamental rights and fundamental duties are co-relative. 11 Fundamental Duties of the citizens towards… Read More »

Fundamental Rights (Articles 14-18, 19-22, 23-24, 25-28, 29-30, 32)

Part-III of the Indian constitution from article 12 to 32, contains fundamental rights. Part-III of the Indian constitution is called corner stone of the constitution and together with part-4 (directive principles and state policy) constitutes the conscience of the Constitution. This chapter of the Constitution has been described as the Magna Carta of India. Fundamental Rights are individual… Read More »

Emergency Provisions: Article 352, 356, 360

As per the articles 352, 356 and 360 in the Constitution of India, President of India have been given extraordinary power to declare an emergency to meet any threat to the country. Those powers to President of India in Constitution are called emergency provisions. National Emergency (Article 352): If the president of the state is not satisfied with a grave emergency… Read More »

Welfare Programmes for Indian Women Development

The Ministry of Women and Child Development (MWCD) and the Central Social Welfare Board (CSWB) are implementing various welfare schemes and programmes for Indian women. These are programs are listed below and explained as follows: Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls (Sabla) Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana (IGMSY) Support to Training & Employment Programme for Women (STEP)… Read More »

Women Rights in India: Constitutional Rights and Legal Rights

The rights available to woman (ladies) in India can be classified into two categories, namely as constitutional rights and legal rights. The constitutional rights are those which are provided in the various provisions of the constitution. The legal rights, on the other hand, are those which are provided in the various laws (acts) of the Parliament and the… Read More »

Lok Adalats in India

Lok Adalats is a system of alternative dispute resolution developed in India. Lok Adalat means ‘People’s court’. India has had a long history of resolving disputes through the mediation of village heads. Under the Legal Services Authorities Act of 1987, Lok Adalats have been given a statuary status. The aims of Lok Adalats are secure justice to the… Read More »