Liner and Tramp Shipping

By | February 4, 2017

The Bulk Cargo requires shipping services in which large quantity of one type of cargo can be carried at low per unit cost. These services are provided by carriers known as Tramps. Quite naturally, there are different types of tramp ships to carry different kinds of bulk cargo. On the other hand, carriers which provide regular and scheduled… Read More »

Fundamental Duties in the Indian Constitution

By | January 23, 2017

Fundamental duties in Indian constitution are based on Japanese model. Ten duties in the the Indian Constitution were included in the Indian Constitution by 42nd amendment act, 1976 on the basis of Swarn Singh Committee. Eleventh duty was added by 86th Amendment act, 2002. Fundamental rights and fundamental duties are co-relative. 11 Fundamental Duties of the citizens towards… Read More »

About Human Digestive System

By | January 23, 2017

Digestive system of human beings consists of alimentary canal or gut and some accessory organs. Alimentary Canal include Mouth Oral (Buccal) cavity Pharynx Oesophagus Stomach Small intestine Large intestine Rectum and anus Accessory organs include Teeth Salivary Glands Gall bladder Pancreas Liver Alimentary Canal Alimentary canal is coiled, muscular, continuous tube running through the ventral body cavity extending… Read More »

Air Transport in India

By | January 23, 2017

The air transport in India started in 1911 when India’s first Aeroplane post services were started between Allahabad and Naini. All the airway companies were nationalized in 1953 and were put under two corporations namely – Indian Airlines and Air India. The Indian Airlines Corporation having headquarters in New Delhi was established to conduct the air service within… Read More »

Primary Air Pollutants: Their Sources and Effects on Human Health

By | January 17, 2017

Earth’s Primary Air Pollutants are carbon monoxide, nitrogen mono oxide, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, ozone, carbon dioxide, Hydrocarbons, chlorofluorocarbons. Sources of these airs and their effects on human health are listed in the article below in tabular form. Pollutant Natural source Anthropogenic source Known or suspected effect Carbon Monoxide Unnoticeable Fuel-rich and stoichiometric combustion mainly from motor vehicles.… Read More »

Languages in India

By | January 5, 2017

India is home to 1652 mother tongues. 33 of which are spoken by people numbering over a lakh. Sanskrit is the overarching language in most of the Indian languages. Officially there are 22 recognized languages. English, in fact, is widely spoken and perhaps is the link between North, North-East and South India. In the world, there are 6000… Read More »

The Minorities in India

By | January 4, 2017

The Ministry of Minority Affairs established by Government of India on 29th January 2006. It is the apex body for the central government’s regulatory and developmental programs for the minority religious communities in India, which include religious Muslims, Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists, Zoroastrians (Parsis) and Jains. The Ministry of Minority Affairs was created to ensure a focused approach to… Read More »

Chartering Practices

By | January 3, 2017

When a tramp carrier is engaged, it is said to be under the charter, as one charterer hires either the whole or the bulk of its space. A tramp may be chartered in some ways. Three most important forms of engagement are: Voyage Charter Time Charter Bareboat Charter or Charter by Demise. Let us now discuss them in… Read More »