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Foreign Trade (Development and Regulations) Act, 1992

The Foreign Trade (Development and Regulation) Act 1992, the Foreign Trade (Regulation) Rules 1993 and the Foreign Trade (Exemptions from Application of Rules in Certain Cases) Order 1993 issued thereunder. This Act replaced the earlier legal regime consisting of the Imports and Exports (Control) Act 1947 and the Import (Control) Order 1955 and the Export (Control) Order 1988 issued… Read More »

Featured Article

General Conditions in Export Contracts during Foreign Trade

The export contract refers to the subject of the contract. In addition, the contracts also mention the rights of the party concerned against the party which may have failed to honour his contractual obligations, except under some valid reasons. The transportation of goods in export for foreign countries involve risks and costs. The goods may get lost, stolen… Read More »

Liner and Tramp Shipping

The Bulk Cargo requires shipping services in which large quantity of one type of cargo can be carried at low per unit cost. These services are provided by carriers known as Tramps. Quite naturally, there are different types of tramp ships to carry different kinds of bulk cargo. On the other hand, carriers which provide regular and scheduled… Read More »

Solar System: the Sun and Eight Planets

The solar system comprises of the Sun and eight planets (Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune), which is believed to have been developed from the condensation of gases and other lesser bodies. The position of Sun is at the centre of solar system and all the eight planets revolve around the sun in elliptical orbit.… Read More »

Fundamental Duties in the Indian Constitution

Fundamental duties in Indian constitution are based on Japanese model. Ten duties in the the Indian Constitution were included in the Indian Constitution by 42nd amendment act, 1976 on the basis of Swarn Singh Committee. Eleventh duty was added by 86th Amendment act, 2002. Fundamental rights and fundamental duties are co-relative. 11 Fundamental Duties of the citizens towards… Read More »

About Human Digestive System

Digestive system of human beings consists of alimentary canal or gut and some accessory organs. Alimentary Canal include Mouth Oral (Buccal) cavity Pharynx Oesophagus Stomach Small intestine Large intestine Rectum and anus Accessory organs include Teeth Salivary Glands Gall bladder Pancreas Liver Alimentary Canal Alimentary canal is coiled, muscular, continuous tube running through the ventral body cavity extending… Read More »

Air Transport in India

The air transport in India started in 1911 when the India’s first Aeroplane post services were started between Allahabad and Naini. All the airway companies were nationalized in 1953 and were put under two corporations namely – Indian Airlines and Air India. The Indian Airlines Corporation having headquarters in New Delhi was established to conduct the air service… Read More »

Primary Air Pollutants: Their Sources and Effects on Human Health

Earth’s Primary Air Pollutants are carbon monoxide, nitrogen mono oxide, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, ozone, carbon dioxide, Hydrocarbons, chlorofluorocarbons. Sources of these airs and their effects on human health are listed in the article below in tabular form. Pollutant Natural source Anthropogenic source Known or suspected effect Carbon Monoxide Unnoticeable Fuel-rich and stoichiometric combustion mainly from motor vehicles.… Read More »

Languages in India

India is home to 1652 mother tongues. 33 of which are spoken by people numbering over a lakh. Sanskrit is the overarching language in most of the Indian languages. Officially there are 22 recognized languages. English, in fact, is widely spoken and perhaps is the link between North, North-East and South India. In the world, there are 6000… Read More »

The Minorities in India

The Ministry of Minority Affairs established by Government of India on 29th January 2006. It is the apex body for the central government’s regulatory and developmental programs for the minority religious communities in India, which include religious Muslims, Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists, Zoroastrians (Parsis) and Jains. The Ministry of Minority Affairs was created to ensure a focused approach to… Read More »

Fundamental Rights (Articles 14-18, 19-22, 23-24, 25-28, 29-30, 32)

Part-III of the Indian constitution from article 12 to 32, contains fundamental rights. Part-III of the Indian constitution is called corner stone of the constitution and together with part-4 (directive principles and state policy) constitutes the conscience of the Constitution. This chapter of the Constitution has been described as the Magna Carta of India. Fundamental Rights are individual… Read More »